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3. Korfball

Added 25 Jul 2017 by GFORCE

Korfball is the world’s only mixed gender team sport, each team is made up of 8 players, 4 males and 4 females. A mix between basketball and netball, the aim is to throw the ball through a bottom less basket mounted 3.5m high. The sport was invented by a school teacher in the Netherlands in 1902, hence the name Korfball, ‘korf’ being Dutch for basket.

Four players of each team are in one zone, and the others are in the other zone. Within each zone, a player may only defend a member of the opposite team of the same gender.

At the beginning of the match one team chooses one-half of the court. That half will be their defending zone, with 'their' basket in it. Players score by throwing the ball through the opponents' basket. After two goals, the teams change zones: defenders become attackers and attackers become defenders. In between those zone-changes, attackers cannot set foot on their defending zone or vice versa. At half-time the teams swap halves.

The rules prevent physical strength dominating the game. Blocking, tackling and holding are not allowed, as well as kicking the ball. Once a player has the ball, one cannot dribble, run or walk with it, however, one can move one foot as long the foot the player landed on when they caught the ball stays in the same spot. Therefore, tactical and efficient teamwork is required, because players need each other to keep the ball moving. A player may not attempt to score when defended, which occurs when the defender is in between the opponent and the basket, is facing his/her opponent, is within arm's length and attempting to block the ball. This rule encourages fast movement while also limiting the impact of players' height compared to their opponents.

The International Korfball Federation was founded in 1933 and has been played in The World Games since 1985.

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